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How Dirt Bike Suspension Works 

In this article, we will discuss how dirt bike suspension works. Suspension is one of the most important components of a dirt bike, yet most riders don’t fully understand how it works. In this article, we’ll take a look at the basics of how dirt bike suspension works and how it can impact your riding.

When you’re flying over bumps on a dirt bike, you’re relying on your suspension to keep you safe and comfortable. But how does dirt bike suspension work?

Basically, the suspension is what keeps the wheels of your dirt bike in contact with the ground. It absorbs the impact of the terrain and helps you to stay in control of the bike.

Suspension is critical to a rider’s comfort and performance on a dirt bike. The best dirt bike suspension can make a world of difference in the way a bike handles and feels.

In this article, we’re going to demystify how dirt bike suspension works. So whether you’re a beginner or a seasoned rider, this article is for you.

So let’s get started!

If you’re a beginner you should visit my article on enduro riding tips for beginners.

Table of Contents

Components of dirt bike suspension

Dirt bike suspension consists of a few basic components: springs, shock absorbers, and forks. Each of these components works together to provide a smooth ride, but they can also be adjusted to change the way the bike handles.

Spring

The function of spring in dirt bike suspension is to provide a smooth, controlled ride over rough terrain. The spring helps to absorb the impact of bumps and ruts in the trail, making for a more comfortable ride. 

Without a spring, the dirt bike would be much less capable and the ride would be much less comfortable. The spring is an essential part of the suspension system and it plays a critical role in the performance of the bike.

How dirt bike suspension works

While a spring can’t completely eliminate the effects of rough terrain, it can certainly make the ride a lot smoother. There are different types of springs used in dirt bike suspension, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. 

Coil springs are the most common type of spring used in dirt bike suspension. They are made from a coil of metal wire and are generally very strong and durable. 

Air springs are another type of spring used in dirt bike suspension. They are made of cast zinc alloy or cast aluminum, which makes them much lighter than coil springs. Air springs also have the advantage of being adjustable, so you can fine-tune the suspension.

Front dirt bike fork

The front fork on a dirt bike plays a vital role in the suspension system. The forks are responsible for absorbing the impact of bumps and jumps, providing a smooth ride for the rider. 

Essentially, the forks act as shock absorbers, absorbing the energy from the bump and then slowly releasing it. This helps to prevent the rider from being jarred around and makes for a more comfortable ride.

How dirt bike suspension works

It is responsible for absorbing the impact of the terrain and providing a smooth ride for the rider. The fork is made up of two legs that are connected at the top by a crown. The legs are connected to the bike frame at the bottom by a set of axle brackets.

The front fork works by absorbing the impact of the terrain and then transferring the energy to the frame of the bike. The amount of energy that is transferred to the frame depends on the spring rate of the fork. 

The spring rate is the amount of force that is required to compress the fork. Softer springs will compress more easily and transfer less energy to the frame, while harder springs will compress less easily and transfer more energy to the frame.

While the front fork is a vital part of the dirt bike, it is not the only component in the suspension system.

Rear dirt bike shocks

Rear dirt bike shocks play an important role in the suspension of a dirt bike. While the front forks are responsible for absorbing most of the impact from bumps and jumps, the rear shocks help to keep the back end of the bike stable. Without rear shocks, the back end of the bike would bounce around and make it difficult to control.

There are many different types of rear shocks available, and each one has its own benefits and drawbacks. Some shocks are designed for racing, while others are better suited for recreational riding. There are even some shocks that can be adjusted to suit the rider’s preference.

How dirt bike suspension works
Image source – Google | Image by FUNBIKE.CO.UK

No matter what type of rear shock you choose, it’s important to make sure that it is the right size for your bike. If the shock is too big or too small, it will not work properly and could potentially damage your bike.

It’s important to make sure that the rear shock is properly tuned for your weight, riding style, and the terrain you’ll be riding on. With proper tuning, your rear shock will help you get the most out of your dirt bike.

How to adjust dirt bike suspension for your weight

Dirt bike suspension is one of the most important aspects of riding performance and comfort. If your bike is not properly set up for your weight, you will not be able to ride at your best. Fortunately, adjusting your dirt bike suspension to accommodate your weight is a relatively easy process.

There are two main factors you need to consider when adjusting your dirt bike suspension for your weight: sag and rebound. Sag is the amount your suspension compresses when you sit on your bike. Rebound is the amount your suspension rebounds after being compressed.

Generally speaking, you want more sag if you are a lighter rider, and less sag if you are a heavier rider. The same goes for a rebound – lighter riders will want less rebound, while heavier riders will want more rebound.

The first step to adjusting your dirt bike suspension is to find your sag. Your sag is the amount that your bike will compress under your weight when you’re sitting on it in your riding gear. 

To find your sag, you’ll need to measure the distance between the ground and the rear axle when your bike is unloaded, then again with you sitting on it in your gear. The difference between these two measurements is your sag.

Once you know your sag, you can start to adjust your suspension to match your weight. 

If you’re a heavier rider, you may need to adjust the rebound damping on your dirt bike suspension. This will help to keep the bike from bottoming out on big jumps and will make the ride more comfortable overall.

Dirt bike suspension tuning

To properly tune your dirt bike suspension, you need to consider both the weight and height of the oil. Adding oil will stiffen the fork while removing oil will soften it. By adjusting the fork oil height, you can affect the air space in the fork and the damping elements in the second half of the travel. 

Keep in mind that proper tuning requires a little more effort than simply turning a couple of screws. Tuning your bike’s suspension is important to get the most out of your ride. 

There are a few things you can do to tune your bike’s suspension, including adding or subtracting oil, adjusting the spring rate, and adjusting the rebound damping. With a little bit of tuning, you can make your bike perform better and make your ride more enjoyable.

You should then check the static sag to see if you need a softer or stiffer spring. By following these steps, you will be able to get your bike set up for optimal performance.

Static sag should be between 25-45 mm. If it is less than 25mm, you will need a stiffer spring. If the static sag is greater than 45mm, then you will need a softer spring.

Final thoughts on how dirt bike suspension works

This article provides a detailed explanation of how dirt bike suspension works. It explains how the front fork and rear shocks work together to provide a smooth ride. It also explains how different types of springs work in different conditions. By understanding how dirt bike suspension works, riders can make better choices about which type of bike to ride and how to set up their suspensions.

I hope you enjoyed this article. This article has taken a look at how dirt bike suspension works. If you have any questions about how dirt bike suspension works, please leave a comment below.

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